The Battle Of Gettysburg And The Cost Of Not Obeying Orders
It is unknown at the time the Battle of Gettysburg was being fought, if its importance in determining the final outcome of the war was understood. The Confederate Army made several crucial mistakes that would contribute to losing the battle and changing the tide toward the Union Army. What is difficult to understand, is why the subordinate officers failed their own army by disobeying orders given by General Robert E. Lee. There was hesitation on the part of one officer, the lack of heart from a second and a decision to completely go in another direction from the orders given. Richard S. Ewell hesitated when ordered to take Cemetery Hill. General James Longstreet, after debating the orders of General Lee lost heart and did not fully engage in the battle. General J.E.B. Stuart, completely went into another direction and attempted to take on an alternate offensive.
When planning the offensive General Lee gave orders to General J.E.B Stuart to divide his Calvary troops to guard mountain passes into Pennsylvania and send the remainder to provide cover to Ewell’s 2nd Corp. Stuart chose to attempt to capture supplies. Changing the direction of his forces led them too far east and the Federal Army was allowed to get between him and the Federal Army. He was forced to reroute his cavalry troops north and delayed their arrival until January 2nd.
General Richard S. Ewell was ordered to take Cemetery Hill while the hill was clear. He was more concerned that General Stonewall Jackson should have taken the hill. This little temper tantrum led him to hesitate. The hesitation allowed the Union Army to entrench their troops making it impossible to take the hill. Worse than the hesitation he led his troops to take the hill resulting in more casualties than necessary.
General James Longstreet was well known to be overly cautious preferring defensive warfare over attacks. His troops were ordered to the Peach Orchard and take that territory. He became overly concerned and made a march around the ridge causing several hours delay in his attack. He forced tired and thirsty troops to endure a charge by General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.
General Lee also made sever mistakes during the July 1 to July 3, 1863, battles, but it can be argued that if the subordinate generals had followed his orders the outcome would have been very differ net. The disobedience led to more than necessary casualties and defeat here in Gettysburg and ultimately the war.
College Research Paper Example on the Battle of Gettysburg
The battle of Gettysburg is considered as a critical turning point in the American Civil wars. The term describes a three-day battle fought between the armies of General Robert Lee and George Gordon’s army. The battle was fought around Gettysburg on July 1863. It is considered the bloodiest moment in the history of American Civil war, which led to the deaths of 50,000 men from either side. The two factions engaged in a full-blown war for the first time at Chancellorsville, which was dominated by Lee’s army. This compelled Lee to engage in a second campaign in the war-torn Northern Virginia. In the second day of the battle, the union army under the command of General Gordon held defensive positions while Lee’s army advanced towards the North. The war ended on the third day following a series of confrontations on the Cemetery Ridge that led to numerous casualties. The events or factors that led to the battle are still obscure to most Americans. This essay analyzes the significance of Gettysburg war on American political history.
Firstly, the Gettysburg war is a critical event in American history. The war is considered a major turning point of the American civil wars. In particular, the battle led to the victory of the union force bringing the civil wars to a halt. Following this victory, the union army took over the control of northern Virginia from the Confederates. Thus, the victory of the union army fortified the US government under the leadership of President Abraham Lincoln.
The battle of Gettysburg also marked the dawn of American civil liberties. Consequently, battle emphasized the meaning of freedom to Americans who had always considered themselves as citizens of a free nation. This is clarified in a speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg National Cemetery to define the purpose of the battle. In his speech, Abraham Lincoln redefined the essence of freedom and its purpose to the nation. In particular, the speech claimed that true freedom was only achievable when all Americans were free. This new wave of freedom included Black Americans both freed men and slaves. The dispute between the north and the south on the issue of slavery was the main factor that led to the civil wars. Therefore, the battle hastened abolition of slavery.
In conclusion, the battle of Gettysburg marks the most dramatic moment in the American civil wars. The battle led to the defeat of the Confederates and the creation of a new America under the Union Forces.