Essay On Subhash Chandra Bose In 500 Words

The country's great freedom fighter and patriot Subhash Chandra Bose is often given a variety of competitions and school examinations for children to write an essay. Here we are providing essays in this simple and easy language with different word boundaries, which students can use on different occasions according to their needs. Here you can find some essays on Subhash Chandra Bose in English for 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 400 words.

Essay 1 on Subhash Chandra Bose (100 words)

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, and died on August 18, 1945. When he died he was only 48 years old. He was a great Indian nationalist leader who fought with great courage for India's independence against British rule during World War II. During 1920 and 1930, Netaji was the youth and youth leader of the Indian National Congress. He became Congress President in 1938, though he was dropped in 1939. Netaji was a revolutionary freedom fighter from India who fought a lot and inspired a large Indian population. Struggle for freedom

Essay 2 on Subhash Chandra Bose (150 words)

Subhash Chandra Bose was a great freedom fighter and patriot. He was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, a prosperous Hindu Kayastha family. He was the son of Jankinath Bose (father) and Prashanti Devi (Mata). These were the ninth children of 14 parents of their parents. He took his elementary schooling from Cuttack and matriculation degree from Calcutta and BA. Degree from the University of Calcutta (1918)

Bose left for England in 1919 for further studies. Netaji was very impressed with Chittaranjan Das (a Bengali political leader) and was soon associated with Indian freedom struggle. Through a newspaper called Swaraj, they started revealing their thoughts in front of the people. He opposed the British rule and began to take an interest in Indian politics. Due to active participation, he was elected as the All India Youth Congress President and Secretary of the Bengal State Congress. He faced many difficulties in his life but never disappointed.

Essay 3 on Subhash Chandra Bose (200 words)

Subhash Chandra Bose was a great and brave leader of the country, who was famous for his stringent struggle in the name of Netaji. He was born on 23 January 1897 in a Hindu family in Cuttack. He was very brave and talented since childhood, and physically he was very strong. He always trusted in violence and once he defeated his European School Professor. He was later fired from school as a sentence. In the year 1918, he got his BA in the first place from the University of Calcutta. Passed the examination and went to Cambridge University in England for further study. He always wanted to serve his country as a high official.

To serve his country for independence from British rule, he joined the Congress movement. In 1939 he was elected as the president of the Congress, but later the Congress was removed due to differences with the policies. During World War II, he escaped from India and asked for help from Germany, where Hitler provided military training for two years. There he made his Indian National Army by training prisoners of war and Indian residents from Germany, Italy and Japan. He succeeded in creating a true Indian National Army (i.e. Azad Hind Fauj) with good morale and discipline.

Essay 4 on Subhash Chandra Bose (250 words)

Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the great men and brave freedom fighters in Indian history. His great contribution to the freedom struggle in the history of India is unforgettable. He was actually a true brave hero of India, who left his house for his motherland and gave him rest. They always trusted in violence and chose the path of military revolt to gain independence from British rule.

He was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, in a prosperous Hindu family. His father was Janaki Nath Bose, who was a successful barrister and mother Preeti Devi was a housewife. Due to his involvement in the attack on the British Principal, he was fired from the Calcutta Presidency College. He passed the ICS examination brilliantly, but to join the struggle for independence of India, he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921.

Netaji worked with Chittaranjan Das, a political leader of Bengal, a reporter of a Bengali journalist and name story in Bengal Weekend. He was later appointed the brave commandant of the Bengal Congress, the principal of the National College, the Mayor of Calcutta and later the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation. He had to go to jail many times for his nationalistic activities, but he was never tired or was not disappointed. Netaji was elected as the president of the Congress but due to some political differences, he was opposed by Gandhiji. He went to East Asia where he prepared his "Azad Hind Fauj" to make India an independent country.

Essay 5 on Subhash Chandra Bose (300 words)

Subhash Chandra Bose is famous all over India as Netaji. He was a revolutionary of India who contributed greatly to India's independence. On 23 January 1897, he was born in a wealthy Hindu family of Cuttack in Orissa. His father's name was Janakinath Bose, who was a government prosecutor in Cuttack District Court, and mother's name was Impti Devi. Subhash took his initial education from Angles Indian School in Cuttack and obtained a bachelor's degree in philosophy from the University of Kolkata, Scottish Church College.

He was a brave and ambitious Indian youth, who, despite successfully passing the ICS examination, became involved in Non-Cooperation Movement after Deshbhum Chittaranjan Das was impressed by his motherland's independence. Against the British rule for our independence, they consistently fought in violent agitation.

Despite being the Congress president in 1930, despite some political differences with Mahatma Gandhi, he left the Congress. One day, Netaji made his Indian national powerful party 'Azad Hind Fauj' because he believed that the non-violent policy of Gandhiji was not able to make India an independent country. In the end, they made a big and powerful "Azad Hind Fauj" to fight British rule.

He went to Germany and formed Indian National Army with the help of some Indian power and Indians living there. After Hitler & # 39; s disappointment, he went to Japan and gave a famous slogan for his Indian National Army, "Come to Delhi", where there was a violent fight between the Azad Hind Fauj and Anglo American forces. Unfortunately, he had to surrender including Netaji, along with him. Soon, Tokyo was left in the plane, though the plane crashed into the interior of Pharmosa. It was told that Netaji died in that plane crash. Netaji's courage has still inspired lakhs of Indian youth to pass some tax for the country.

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Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was an important leader of Indian independence movement. This Biography profiles his childhood, life, achievements and death.

Born: January 23, 1897

Place of Birth: Cuttack, Orissa 

Parents: Janakinath Bose (father) and Prabhavati Devi (mother)

Spouse: Emily Schenkl

Children: Anita Bose Pfaff

Education: Ravenshaw Collegiate School, Cuttack; Presidency College, Calcutta; University of Cambridge, England

Associations: Indian National Congress; Forward Bloc; Indian National Army

Movements: Indian Freedom Movement

Political Ideology: Nationalism; Communism; Fascism-inclined;

Religious Beliefs: Hinduism

Publications: The Indian Struggle (1920–1942)

Death: August 18, 1945

Memorial: Renk?ji Temple, Tokyo, Japan; Netaji Bhawan, Kolkata, India

Image Credit: http://www.mourningtheancient.com/truth-bose1i.jpg

Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most celebrated freedom fighters of India. He was a charismatic influencer of the youth and earned the epithet ‘Netaji’ by establishing and leading the Indian National Army (INA) during India’s struggle for independence. Although initially aligned with the Indian National Congress, he was ousted from the party due to his difference in ideology. He sought assistance from Nazi leadership in Germany and Imperial forces in Japan during the World War II, to overthrow the British from India. His sudden disappearance post 1945, led to surfacing of various theories, concerning the possibilities of his survival. 

Childhood & Early Life

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January, 1897 in Cuttack (Orissa) to Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Subhash was the ninth child among eight brothers and six sisters. His father, Janakinath Bose, was an affluent and successful lawyer in Cuttack and received the title of "Rai Bahadur". He later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.

Subhash Chandra Bose was a brilliant student. He passed his B.A. in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta. He was deeply influenced by Swami Vivekananda's teachings and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student. In an incident where Bose beat up his professor (E.F. Otten) for his racist remarks, brought him notoriety as a rebel-Indian in eyes of the government. His father wanted Netaji to become a civil servant and therefore, sent him to England to appear for the Indian Civil Service Examination. Bose was placed fourth with highest marks in English. But his urge for participating in the freedom movement was intense and in April 1921, he resigned from the coveted Indian Civil Service and came back to India. In December 1921, Bose was arrested and imprisoned for organizing a boycott of the celebrations to mark the Prince of Wales' visit to India.

During his stay in Berlin, he met and fell in love with Emily Schenkl, who was of Austrian origin. Bose and Emily were married in 1937 in a secret Hindu ceremony and Emily gave birth to a daughter Anita in 1942. Shortly after the birth of their daughter, Bose left Germany in 1943 to come back to India.

Image Credit: http://images.jagran.com/SubhashB_2201.jpg

Political Career

Association with Indian National Congress

Initially, Subhash Chandra Bose worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, an active member of the Congress in Calcutta. It was Chittaranjan Das, who along with Motilal Nehru, left Congress and founded the Swaraj Party in 1922. Bose regarded Chittaranjan Das as his political guru. He himself started the newspaper ‘Swaraj’, edited Das’ newspaper ‘Forward’ and worked as the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation under Das’ stint as Mayor. Subhash Chandra Bose played an important role in enlightening the students, youths and labourers of Calcutta. In his fervent wait to see India as an independent, federal and republic nation, he emerged as a charismatic and firebrand youth icon. He was admired within the congress for his great ability in organization development. He served several stints in prison for his nationalist activities during this time.

Dispute with the Congress

In 1928, during the Guwahati Session of the Congress, a difference of opinion surfaced between the old and new members of the Congress. The young leaders wanted a "complete self-rule and without any compromise’ while the senior leaders were in favour of the "dominion status for India within the British rule".

The differences between moderate Gandhi and aggressive Subhash Chandra Bose swelled to irreconcilable proportions and Bose decided to resign from the party in 1939. He went on to form the Forward Bloc the same year.

Although he voiced his dislike for the British often in his correspondences, he also expressed his admiration for their structured way of life. He met with the leaders of the British Labor Party and political thinkers including Clement Attlee, Harold Laski, J.B.S. Haldane, Arthur Greenwood, G.D.H. Cole, and Sir Stafford Cripps and discussed the possibilities that an independent India might hold.


Image Credit: http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00routesdata/1800_1899/congress/netaji/troopreview.jpg

Formation of the INA

Bose vehemently opposed the Congress decision to support the British during the Second World War. With the aim to initiate a mass movement, Bose called out to Indians for their whole-hearted participation. There was tremendous response to his call “Give me blood and I will give you freedom” and the British promptly imprisoned him. In jail, he declared a hunger-srtike. When his health deteriorated, the authorities, fearing violent reactions, released him but put him under house-arrest. 

In January, 1941, Subhash made a planned escape and reached Berlin, Germany via a detour through Peshawar. Germans assured him their full support in his endeavours and he gained allegiance of Japan as well. He took a perilous journey back east and reached Japan where he assumed command over 40,000 soldiers recruited from Singapore and other south East Asian regions. He called his army the ‘Indian National Army’ (INA) and led the same to capture the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British and rechristened it as Shaheed and Swaraj Islands. A provisional “Azad Hind Government” started functioning in the captured territories. The INA or the Azad Hind Fauj stared for India and crossed Burma Border, and stood on Indian soil on March 18, 1944. Unfortunately, the tide of the World War turned and the Japanese and German forces surrendered which forced him to call off further advancement. 

Image Credit: http://onlinemirrors.blogspot.in/2014/06/netaji-subhash-chandra-bose.html

Death 

Netaji disappeared mysteriously soon after the retreat. It is said that he went back to Singapore and met Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi, head of all military operations in South East Asia who arranged for him a flight to Tokyo. He boarded a Mitsubishi Ki-21 heavy bomber from Saigon Airport on August 17, 1945. The following day the bomber crashed shortly after take-off after a night halt in Taiwan. Witnesses report that Bose sustained intense third degree burns in the process. He succumbed to his injuries on Aug 18, 1945. He was cremated on August 20 in Taihoku Crematorium and his ashes were laid to rest at the Renk?ji Temple of Nichiren Buddhism in Tokyo.


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Bose’s comrades who were stranded in Saigon waiting to be transported never saw his body. Nor did they see any photographs of his injuries. They refused to believe that their hero was dead and hoped that he evaded detection by the British-American forces. They believed whole heartedly that it was just a matter of time that Netaji will gather up his army and conduct a march towards Delhi. Soon people began to report sighting of the hero and even Gandhi expressed his scepticism about death of Bose. Post-independence, people started to believe that Netaji had adopted an acetic life and became a Sadhu. The mysteries surrounding Bose’s death took upon mythic proportions and perhaps symbolized the hope of the nation.

The government of India set up a number of committees to investigate the case. First the Figgess Report in 1946 and then the Shah Nawaz Committee in 1956, concluded that Bose had indeed died in the crash in Taiwan.

Later, the Khosla Commission (1970) concurred with the earlier reports, the reports of Justice Mukherjee Commission (2006) said, "Bose did not die in the plane crash and the ashes at Renkoji temple are not his". However, the findings were rejected by the Government of India.

In 2016, following the declassification of a report handed over by the Japanese government to the Indian Embassy in Tokyo in 1956, titled "Investigation on the cause of death and other matters of the late Subhash Chandra Bose" confirmed the Indian National Hero’s death in Taiwan on August 18, 1945.

Ideology

Bose’s correspondences prove his faith in democracy in Independent India. Bose’s primary ideology was always the freedom of his motherland even if meant taking help from fascists like Mussolini or Hitler.


Image Credit: http://www.mourningtheancient.com/truth-bose16.jpg

Legacy 

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has left deep impact on the psyche of his countrymen. His slogan, ‘Jai Hind’ is still used in reverence to the country. The International airport in Kolkata has been named Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport to commemorate the charismatic leader. 

In Popular Media

Many documentaries, TV series and films have been made on the life of netaji. In 2004, revered director Shyam Benegal made a biopic ‘Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero’ that received immense critical acclaim in India as well as in international film festivals.





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