The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences
If you have heard the phrase “intelligence” you have probably thought about IQ testing. We often define intelligence as our intellectual potential, that which we had at birth, which could be measured and which cannot really be changed. But recent years have presented other views to intelligence and specifically that of the Harvard psychologist named Howard Gardner. He produced the theory of multiple intelligences which suggests that our traditional view of intelligence is far too limited.
His book on multiple intelligences was produced in 1983 and it suggested that there are eight different intelligences and that people can have one of these eight, and are not confined to having just one type of intelligence. In order to appreciate the full range of intelligences that people have, not just their intellectual capacity, he notes the eight theories of intelligence which include musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, linguistic intelligence, and spatial-visual intelligence. Someone might be strong in intelligence such as musical intelligence, but also be strong in naturalistic intelligence too.
Musical intelligence has to do with a high sensitivity to music. People with this intelligence often have perfect pitch. Visual spatial is another intelligence that deals specifically with the ability to spatially judge things and visualize things in the eye. Verbal linguistic is another intelligence which deals with words and languages. People with this ability can tell stories and memorize dates and are good at reading and writing. Logical mathematical intelligence has to do with understanding logic and the underlying principles therein. Bodily kinaesthetic intelligence has to do with the kinaesthetic control of your motions. Interpersonal intelligence has to do with the ability to interact with others. This person would be sensitive to the feelings and motivation s of others.
Intrapersonal intelligence has to do with self-reflective capacities and having a deep understanding of personal strengths and weaknesses to the point of being able to predict one’s reactions or emotions. Naturalistic intelligence concerns itself with nurturing and the ability to relate information from the surroundings. It is an ecological receptiveness as well that is rooted in a holistic understanding of the world.
This theory of multiple intelligences has come under criticism from educators and psychologists who claim that it is too broad and that it merely represents abilities, talents, and personal traits. In spite of this criticism, this theory has become widely popular among other educators who view in their classroom a range of intelligences that are not IQ based. They have begun to integrate this theory into the classroom and used it to cultivate their teaching.
Gardner's Theory of Intelligence Essay
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Gardner's Theory of Intelligence
Gardner's theory suggests that within each human there are a variety of intelligence areas that one may succeed within. He places titles upon these areas, which include logical mathematical, linguistic, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. These categories allot for people who are better in certain areas For example, a person may be very good at playing an instrument (musical), however that same person may be horrible at sports (bodily-kinesthetic). I.Q. scores can be relatively inaccurate on account of the presence of these "multiple intelligences". Alfred Binet saw this problem and also saw it as unfair to children who may be judged wrong and therefor tracked…show more content…
Also social development is restricted to those within the students' ability level.
The other method is within class ability grouping. This method groups according to ability in certain subject areas. An example would be a student who is in a lower reading class, but resumes the rest of his classes on a normal level for his age. The implications are less alienating for the student in lower levels, and tend to actually motivate them, more so than between class grouping.
3 There are a few ways of learning and processing information in a schooling situation.
The term cognitive style refers to the way that we organize information. Some people are considered field dependent. These people tend to look at a situation as a whole, without really being able to pick out, or focusing their efforts on one precise goal. They tend to excel in history, literature, and social situations. Field independent students, on the other hand, monitor their way of thinking to refine it constantly. This is comparable to the way a professional musician practices, they will check every note if needed until the piece reaches the desired sound.
Other cognitive styles include impulsive, and reflective. An impulsive student will fly through work, without really thinking or caring about possible mistakes. A reflective student will usually take their time, and check over their work, as well as make sure they have thoroughly