Descriptive Essay Structure Ppt

Presentation on theme: "Descriptive Writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Descriptive Writing

2 What Is Descriptive Writing?
Descriptive writing creates a picture of a person, place, thing, or event. A well-written description should arouse a particular response or emotion in the reader's imagination.Description tells what something looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels like. It works with all of the senses, i.e., Sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing.Descriptive writing is the only type of writing which can be and should be used in all other forms: Expository, Narrative, and Persuasive.Your goal as a writer is to describe something so well that your reader will see, in his or her imagination, what you have experienced in life!

3 Good Descriptive Writing Includes…
Vivid sensory details-details appealing to one or more of the five senses. This is often best achieved by using vocabulary that includes specific nouns, active verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.A clear, consistent organization using either spatial, chronological, or thematic order.To make an imaginary world seem real, an author often makes use of words and phrases that appeal to the senses. These words and phrases, are called images, and help a reader mentally experience what the characters in the literary selection are actually experiencing.

4 How to Write a Descriptive Essay
Before writing the Descriptive Essay, you have to think about 3W.What, Why, and How.1)What do you want to describe?It’s an important step for you to know what are you describing:. a person , a place , a memory, an experience , an object .

5 How to Write a Descriptive Essay
2)Why are you writing your descriptive essay?Usually, you have a particular reason why you need to write this descriptive essay.Getting in touch with this reason can help you focus your description and imbue your language with a particular perspective or emotion.ExampleImagine that you want to write a descriptive essay about your grandfather.chose to write about hisphysical appearancethe way that he interacts with people.However, rather than providing a general description of these aspects, you want to conveyyour admiration for his strengthkindness.This is your reason for writing the descriptive essay.To achieve this, you might focus one of your paragraphs on describing the roughness of his hands, roughness resulting from the labor of his work throughout his life, but you might also describe how he would hold your hands so gently with his rough hands when having a conversation with you or when taking a walk.

6 How to Write a Descriptive Essay
3)How should you write your description?As you write your descriptive essay, the best way to create a vivid experience for your readers is to focus on the five senses: sight, sound, smell, touch, taste.When you focus your descriptions on the senses, you provide vivid and specific details that show your readers rather than tell your readers what you are describing.

7 Elements of Descriptive Writing
Good descriptive writing is comprised of five elements;Sensory Details,Figurative Language,dominant impression,precise language, andCareful Organization.

8 Elements of Descriptive Writing
1) Sensory Details    Good descriptive writing includes many vivid sensory details that paint a picture and appeals to all of the reader's senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste when appropriate. Descriptive writing may also paint a pictures of the feelings the person, place or thing invokes the writer.2) Figurative Language  Good descriptive writing often makes use of figurative language to help paint the picture in the reader's mind. There are many ways to use figurative language, and it is a talent that should be practiced until perfected  -A simile uses like or as to compare two unlike things.Example: Her smile was like sunshine.-A metaphor compares two unlike things without using like or as: Example: Her smile was a light that lit up the room.-Personification suggests comparison between a nonliving thing and a person by giving the nonliving thing human traits.

9 Elements of Descriptive Writing
3) A Dominant Impression When you plan a descriptive essay, your focus on selecting details that help your readers see what you see, feel what you feel, and experience what you experience. Your goal is to create a single dominant impression, a central theme or idea to which all the details relate-for example, the liveliness of a street scene or the quiet of a summer night. This dominant impression unifies the description and gives readers an overall sense of what the person, place, object, or scene looks like(and perhaps what it sounds, smells, tastes, or feels like). Sometimes _ but not always_ your details will support a thesis making a point about the subject you are describing.

10 Elements of Descriptive Writing
4) Precise language Good descriptive writing uses precise language. Using specific words and phrases will help the reader “see” what you are describing. If a word or phrase is specific, it is exact and precise. The opposite of specific language is language that is vague, general, or fuzzy.5) Careful Organization Good descriptive writing is organized. Some ways to organize descriptive writing include: chronological (time), spatial (location), and order of importance.

11 Ways Of Organizing Facts:

12 Transition Words and Phrases that Signal Description.
Transitions used in descriptive writing vary depending on whether you are describing a person, a place, or a thing. Here are some examples of transitions that might be used in descriptive contexts:

13 To show spatial order or direction

14 To show order of importance

15 To show time order

16 Types of Descriptive Writing:
Descriptions of people or places : These portray the physical appearance of a person or place and show readers why the subject is important or special.Remembrances : Capture a memorable experience in the writer’s life, either a specific moment or a longer period.Observations : Describe an event the writer has witnessed.Vignettes : Capture a single moment in the writer’s life, painting a picture with words.

17 Structuring a Descriptive Essay
A descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the reader’s senses:sight, sound, touch, smell and taste. Here are the basic steps to writing an effective descriptiveessay:1. Select a subjectObservation is the key to writing a good description. For example, if you are writing about a place, go thereand take notes on the sights, sounds, and smells. A descriptive essay paints a picture for the reader, usingdescriptive devices and the senses. Create a thesis statement that informs the reader who or what you aredescribing. Examples: “The wooden roller coaster in Coney Island is a work of art.” “My bedroom is anocean sanctuary.”2. Select dominant detailsSelect only the details that support the dominant impression (your thesis statement).3. Organize detailsThe paragraphs in a descriptive essay can be structured spatially (from top to bottom or from near to far) orchronologically (time order) or from general to specific. Descriptive essays can also use other patterns oforganization such as narrative or exemplification.4. Use descriptive wordsDo not use vague words or generalities (such as good, nice, bad, or beautiful). Be specific and use sensory,descriptive words (adjectives). For example:I ate a good dinner. OR I devoured a steaming hot, cheese-filled pepperoni pizza for dinner.Provide sensory details:Smells that are in the air (the aroma of freshly brewed coffee)Sounds (traffic, honking horns)Sights (“The sun scattered tiny diamonds across dew-covered grass as it peeked out from beyond thehorizon.”)Touch (“The texture of the adobe hut’s walls resembled coarse sandpaper.”)Taste: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, tart (“Giant goose bumps formed on my tongue when I accidentlybit into a sliver of lemon.”)5. Draw a logical conclusionThe conclusion may also use descriptive words; however, make certain the conclusion is logical andrelevant.Structuring a Descriptive EssayA descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the reader’s senses:sight, sound, touch, smell and taste. Here are the basic steps to writing an effective descriptiveessay:1. Select a subjectObservation is the key to writing a good description. For example, if you are writing about a place, go thereand take notes on the sights, sounds, and smells. A descriptive essay paints a picture for the reader, usingdescriptive devices and the senses. Create a thesis statement that informs the reader who or what you aredescribing. Examples: “The wooden roller coaster in Coney Island is a work of art.” “My bedroom is anocean sanctuary.”2. Select dominant detailsSelect only the details that support the dominant impression (your thesis statement).3. Organize detailsThe paragraphs in a descriptive essay can be structured spatially (from top to bottom or from near to far) orchronologically (time order) or from general to specific. Descriptive essays can also use other patterns oforganization such as narrative or exemplification.4. Use descriptive wordsDo not use vague words or generalities (such as good, nice, bad, or beautiful). Be specific and use sensory,descriptive words (adjectives). For example:I ate a good dinner. OR I devoured a steaming hot, cheese-filled pepperoni pizza for dinner.Provide sensory details:Smells that are in the air (the aroma of freshly brewed coffee)Sounds (traffic, honking horns)Sights (“The sun scattered tiny diamonds across dew-covered grass as it peeked out from beyond thehorizon.”)Touch (“The texture of the adobe hut’s walls resembled coarse sandpaper.”)Taste: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, tart (“Giant goose bumps formed on my tongue when I accidentlybit into a sliver of lemon.”)5. Draw a logical conclusionThe conclusion may also use descriptive words; however, make certain the conclusion is logical andrelevant.

18 The Structure of a Descriptive Essay

19 Quick Tips for Writing Your Descriptive Essay
Planning your descriptive essay:What or who do you want to describe?What is your reason for writing your description?What are the particular qualities that you want to focus on?Drafting your descriptive essay:What sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures are important for developing your description?Which details can you include to ensure that your readers gain a vivid impression imbued with your emotion or perspective?Revising your descriptive essay:Have you provided enough details and descriptions to enable your readers to gain a complete and vivid perception?Have you left out any minor but important details?Have you used words that convey your emotion or perspective?Are there any unnecessary details in your description?Does each paragraph of your essay focus on one aspect of your description?Are you paragraphs ordered in the most affective way?

20 Description Sample:

21 Thank you so much for your attention

Presentation on theme: "Descriptive Writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Descriptive Writing

2 What is descriptive writing?
A descriptive essay uses the five senses to describe a place, an object, or a feeling.In descriptive writing, the writer must describe the place, object, or feeling so well that the reader can picture it in his or her mind.

3 The Five SensesIn descriptive writing, you don’t have to use all of your five senses to describe. Most of the time using three of your senses to describe will be sufficient.Your five senses are sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing.

4 PrewritingBefore you begin writing your essay, you will have to plan for it. Using a bubble-chart is the best way to plan for a descriptive essay.Ex.BeachSightsSoundsSmells

5 Hook SentenceThe first sentence in every essay that you write is called the hook sentence.It’s job is to hook your reader and make them want to read the rest of your essay.A hook can be a question, a quote, or an exciting fact.

6 Thesis StatementThe thesis statement is also located in the introduction of an essay.The thesis statement lists the three main points of your essay in order.The thesis is like a map for your essay. It lets your reader know exactly what you will talk about in your paper.An example thesis could be: I love the sights, smells, and sounds of the beach.Your reader now knows that your essay will discuss the sights, smells, and sounds of the beach.

7 Body ParagraphsAfter your introduction, you will write the body of your essay.The body will consist of three paragraphs.The topic of each paragraph should follow the order of your thesis statement.In your three body paragraphs, you should use a lot of adjectives to help describe your topic.

8 You should also use SMP to help you describe your topic.
S stands for simile. A simile is a comparison using like or as.M stands for metaphor. A metaphor is a comparison that does not use like or as.P stands for personification. Personification gives an inanimate object or animal human characteristics.

9 ConclusionThe conclusion of an essay is where the writer restates the main points of the essay and restates the thesis.The conclusion should leave the reader with no questions about the essay.

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